Clin Breast Cancer. 2010 Aug 1;10(4):301-6.
Low-dose metronomic oral administration of vinorelbine in the first-line treatment of elderly patients with metastatic breast cancer.
Dipartimento di Oncologia, S Giovanni di Dio Hospital, Frattaminore, Naples, Italy.
BACKGROUND: The concept of metronomic chronic administration of low-dose chemotherapy has become relevant for the treatment of cancer in the last several years. This study sought to determine the safety and activity of oral vinorelbine (VNB), using a metronomic schedule of administration, in elderly patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: From October 2004 to March 2007, 34 patients with MBC (median age, 74 years; range, 70-84 years) were treated with oral VNB at 70 mg/m2, fractionated on days 1, 3, and 5, for 3 weeks on and 1 week off, every 4 weeks, for a maximum of 12 cycles. The objective response rate was the primary endpoint.
RESULTS: All 34 patients received at least 3 cycles of therapy and were evaluable. Two achieved complete responses (6%), and 11 achieved partial responses (32%). Median progression-free survival and median overall survival entailed 7.7 months (95% confidence interval, 6.9-9.05 months) and 15.9 months (95% CI, 13.1-15.91 months), respectively, for all patients.
CONCLUSION: The fractionated administration of oral VNB is well tolerated and presents promising activity in elderly patients with metastatic cancer, warranting further investigation in combination with other chemotherapy agents.